• Ph.D.    Social Ethics with focus on African classical ethics and social ethical philosophy. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA – l994

Dissertation: Maat, The Moral Ideal in Ancient Egypt: A Study in Classical African

Ethics A critical examination of the ethical philosophy of Ancient Egypt as expressed in its sacred texts, especially the Declarations of Innocence, the Sebayt, the Declarations of Virtue and the Book of Khunanpu, and an exploration of such an ancient tradition’s ability to contribute to modern ethical discourse–UMI reports that this was the most requested dissertation out of 55,000 published for 1996. 

  • Ph.D.    Leadership and Human Behavior with a political and social science focus. United States International University (Alliant), San Diego, CA – 1976

Dissertation: Afro-American Nationalism: Social Strategy and Struggle for Community A comprehensive critique of the liberal and Marxist approaches to nationalism and a contribution toward an alternative theory of nationalism as an historically important form of social consciousness whose social appeal and historical role in human thought and practice can be most definitively translated, especially among African Americans, as a social strategy and struggle for community.

  • University of California, Los Angeles, CA.  M.A. Political Science with a specialization in African Studies – 1964 B.A.   Cum Laude, Political Science- 1963
  • California Community College Instructor’s Credential: Ethnic Studies, Swahili and Government (Theory and Practice, Local and International)